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University of New Brunswick


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Our society is changing. Challenging times lie ahead as governments deal with deficits, attempt to reorganize services and contend with an aging population. Beyond educating the next generation of talent, the University of New Brunswick can play a significant role in addressing these challenges. Of course, we have been doing such work for a long, long time. UNB's research productivity has skyrocketed in recent years, despite seven consecutive cuts to our budget totaling more than $20 million. The ideas generated on our campuses help governments make wise decisions, improve our collective well-being, and encourage economic development – remarkably, UNB commercializes the results of its research at more than three times the Canadian average. UNB is also changing the way it teaches, providing students with more hands-on career-related experience and entrepreneurial training. These efforts are paying off as numerous UNB graduates are creating business start-ups in the province. The work and research of UNB's faculty, students, and staff have strengthened New Brunswick's economy, culture, and social fabric. The lessons we have learned while doing so have applications in every part of the world.
Our mission is to create the premier university environment for our students, faculty, and staff to learn, work, and live. We will provide an exceptional and transformative education for our students by encouraging initiative and innovation, unlocking their creative potential. Our graduates will be prepared to make a significant difference - creating opportunities for themselves and others. We commit to understanding and solving today's problems and tomorrow, serving our community and engaging with our alumni, retirees, and partners around the world.
As the American Revolutionary War drew to a close, thousands of Loyalists gathered in New York City to await transportation to homes in other British colonies. Among these Loyalists were Charles Inglis, a former interim President of King's College, New York (Columbia University) Benjamin Moore, later President of Columbia and Jonathan Odell, minister, poet and pamphleteer. These men were the visionaries of their day. Amid war, privation, and exile, they drew up a plan for their sons' future education in the wilderness. Recognizing that the new American nation would provide instruction only in revolutionary "Principles contrary to the British Constitution" and that the cost of an overseas education would be prohibitive, they urged the representatives of the British government to consider the "founding of a College... where Youth may receive a virtuous Education" ch things as "Relia goodrature, Loyalty, & good Morals..."
UNB began with a petition presented to Governor Thomas Carleton on Dec. 13Dec. 13, 1785. Headed by William Paine, the seven memorialists asked Carleton to grant a charter of incorporation for an "academy or school of liberal arts and sciences," which they maintained would result in many "public advantages and conveniences."
By 1829, the academy had become King's College, and the building, now known as Sir Howard Douglas Hall, was officially opened.
King's College spent several tumultuous periods in conflict with members of the New Brunswick Legislature. Ostensibly, they argued over the issues of curriculum and religion, but the real issue was probably the cost of higher education. Fortunately, King's did have its defenders, mainly the elegant debater William Needham who, in the face of threats to burn down the College or turn it into an agricultural school, made an impassioned speech that saved the institution from such ignominious fates. Through the efforts of Needham, Lieutenant Governor Sir Edmund Head, and a few others, the Legislature was persuaded to reform rather than destroy the College. On Apr. 13Apr. 13 1859, the act creating the secular, provincial University of New Brunswick was passed.
The post-World War I era brought the first significant expansion of the physical facilities of the campus. In 1920, UNB consisted of Sir Howard Douglas Hall, the Science Building, the small Observatory, a small gymnasium, and the Dominion Entomological Laboratory. By 1931, Memorial Hall, a modern Library and the Forestry and Geology Building, had been added. The first university residence was a gift from Lord Beaverbrook, who grew up in New Brunswick as William Maxwell Aitken, studied law, and developed an increasing interest in the welfare of the university over the succeeding years. Other buildings brought into being through his efforts and those of his family were the Lady Beaverbrook Gymnasium, Aitken House, Ludlow Hall, the Faculty of Law, and the Aitken Centre. In 1947, his Lordship became the University's Chancellor, succeeded by his son, Sir Max Aitken, in 1966 and turn by Lady Violet Aitken, the wife of Sir Max, who served until 1993.
After World War II, returning veterans pushed registration to over 770 in 1946, almost double the number enrolled in 1941. With this increased student population came a commensurate increase in faculty and course offerings, and a surge of building activity from 1953 to 1977 that transformed the campus. The year 1964 brought three essential developments: Teachers' College (the old Provincial Normal School) was relocated on the campus, to become incorporated into an enlarged Faculty of Education in 1973 St. Thomas University also relocated on campus, moving from Chatham and affiliating with UNB and a second UNB campus was established in Saint John.
UNB reached the end of its second century as a significant provincial and national institution, offering a wide range of graduate and undergraduate programs in administration, arts, computer science, education, engineering, forestry, law, nursing, physical education, and science: the university enters its third century proudly treasuring its past and eagerly driving the institution into the future.

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