Pongal is a four-day long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, India. It is celebrated in mid-January, usually around the 14th or 15th of the month. Pongal is celebrated to thank the Sun God for the good harvest. It is believed that Pongal brings good luck and prosperity.
The first day of Pongal is known as Bhogi. On this day, people clean their homes and discard old items. They also decorate their homes with mango leaves and colorful kolams (traditional designs made with rice flour). On the second day, people prepare sweet dishes such as Pongal, a type of rice pudding, and savory dishes such as vadai (a type of savory doughnut). People also exchange gifts and visit friends and family members.
The third day is known as Mattu Pongal. On this day, people decorate their cows and bulls with colorful ornaments and garlands. This is done to thank the cows and bulls for their hard work throughout the year. People also play games such as tug-of-war and kabbadi.
The fourth and final day is known as Kaanum Pongal. On this day, people visit temples, exchange gifts with friends and family members, and enjoy traditional dances such as Karagattam.
Pongal is an important festival in Tamil Nadu and is celebrated with great enthusiasm. It is a time for people to come together, thank the Sun God for the good harvest, and enjoy the festivities.